ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE MANAGEMENT
Uganda’s natural environment resources namely; forests, water resources and wetlands, biodiversity and ecosystems and land among others face increasing challenges, especially from increased pressure from high population growth and economic activities. Over 90% of Luuka residents depend on wood fuel for domestic energy which has resulted into depletion of woody biomass for firewood and charcoal. The 10% annual growth in the construction and furniture industry has put further pressure on forests with the higher number of trees cut not matched with restocking interventions.
The population explosion in Luuka has further compelled communities to encroach on swamps in search for land for cultivation and settlement. A combination of the above human activities on the environment has resulted into unpredictable weather patterns characterized by long droughts, floods and poorly distributed rains. Implementation of initiatives supporting community tree planting, beekeeping, ecotourism, conservation of wetlands, employment in the plantations and natural forests among others are critical responses to assure environment and climate change management.