While 52% of Luuka district population (255,400) are female and 39.7% of these are women in reproductive age, only 28.6% of currently married women use modern contraceptive methods compared the national average of 34.8%. 20.7% of teenage girls aged 15 – 19 in the district have begun child bearing compared to the national average of 24.8%. This in part translates the observed total fertility of 7 children in a woman’s lifetime compared to the national average of 5.45. The main challenges to increasing FP uptake include: commodity stock outs, unskilled providers to provide certain FP services including method side effects management, cultural myths and anti-FP religious beliefs, low male support in FP, among others.
Whereas 85.3% of previous pregnancies among Luuka women were delivered in-facility, the district 4th ANC coverage stands at 37.4%, far below East Central region average of 52.2% and national set target of 60%.
The national abortion incidence rate is high at 54 per 1,000 women compared to the East African average at 36 abortions per 1,000 women and nearly a quarter of abortions result into serious complications. All these combined contribute to the observed high 336 pregnancy-related deaths per 100,000 live births.